Enhancing Fertility in Couples
Infertility can be described as a situation where a female is unable to get pregnant or even carry a pregnancy to full term or a male being unable to make a fertile female pregnant and it is a serious source of trouble for most couples. There are various causes of infertility in both male and female although they vary in intensity in the both genders. Immune infertility which interferes with sperm motility and transportation after ejaculation and may be caused by surgery, trauma, breakdown of a man’s blood-testis barrier, prostatitis, infections, and cancer are some of the causes of infertility in men. Another cause is where the testes may produce low or poor-quality sperms due to conditions such as varicocele among others. There are also conditions that prevent testes support such as hormonal problems and general health due to conditions such as obesity, coeliac disease, drug and substance abuse, DNA damage and epigenetic conditions.
Stigma both socially and culturally is very common to females who suffer infertility unlike in men and may occur as a result of diseases, poor nutrition as well as uterus malformations. Causes of infertility in women are categorized into three including genetic, acquired or can also be due to the location of the infertility problem in the female reproductive systems. Genetic causes of infertility in women includes chromosomal abnormalities which may be as a result of various mutations of the sex chromosomes. Infertility as a result of acquired factors maybe as a result of advancement in age, smoking tobacco, sexually transmitted infections, obesity and eating disorders, chemotherapy diabetes, coeliac disease, kidney and liver diseases among other. The reproductive organs in female may lead to infertility such as genetic defects on the ovaries, endometriosis and tubal occlusion in the fallopian tube, fibroids and malformation in the uterus, antisperm antibodies in the cervix, as well as vaginal obstruction.
When a person is doing diagnosis for infertility, it is important to visit certified health clinics that have professionals in reproductive health who are likely to identify the cause of infertility and recommend the most suitable treatment. Various male infertility treatment method includes surgery, taking of vitamin E medication as well as hormonal therapy and they have to be administered depending on the underlying cause of the infertility. In female, treatment of infertility can be done mostly through prevention but depend on what has caused the infertility. There are various ways a person can prevent the infertility such as leading a lifestyle that is healthy with abundant exercises and reduced uptake of caffeine, alcohol and smoking. Other methods that one can use to prevent it includes prevention as well as treatment of existing conditions such as diabetes and obesity, ensuring that one does not advance in age before getting a baby as well as freezing of the eggs for the preservation of fertility.